1. Installing PHPUnit
PHPUnit 7.4 requires PHP 7.1; using the latest version of PHP is highly recommended.
PHP Archive (PHAR)
The easiest way to obtain PHPUnit is to download a PHP Archive (PHAR) that has all required (as well as some optional) dependencies of PHPUnit bundled in a single file.
The phar extension is required for using PHP Archives (PHAR).
If the Suhosin extension is
enabled, you need to allow execution of PHARs in your
suhosin.executor.include.whitelist = phar
To globally install the PHAR:
$ wget https://phar.phpunit.de/phpunit-|version|.phar $ chmod +x phpunit-|version|.phar $ sudo mv phpunit-|version|.phar /usr/local/bin/phpunit $ phpunit --version PHPUnit x.y.z by Sebastian Bergmann and contributors.
You may also use the downloaded PHAR file directly:
$ wget https://phar.phpunit.de/phpunit-|version|.phar $ php phpunit-|version|.phar --version PHPUnit x.y.z by Sebastian Bergmann and contributors.
Globally installing the PHAR involves the same procedure as manually installing Composer on Windows:
Create a directory for PHP binaries; e.g.,
Append ;C:bin to your
PATHenvironment variable (related help)
Download https://phar.phpunit.de/phpunit-|version|.phar and save the file as
Open a command line (e.g., press
R» type cmd »
Create a wrapping batch script (results in
C:\Users\username> cd C:\bin C:\bin> echo @php "%~dp0phpunit.phar" %* > phpunit.cmd C:\bin> exit
Open a new command line and confirm that you can execute PHPUnit from any path:
C:\Users\username> phpunit --version PHPUnit x.y.z by Sebastian Bergmann and contributors.
For Cygwin and/or MingW32 (e.g., TortoiseGit) shell environments, you
may skip step 5. above, simply save the file as
extension), and make it executable via
chmod 775 phpunit.
Verifying PHPUnit PHAR Releases
All official releases of code distributed by the PHPUnit Project are signed by the release manager for the release. PGP signatures and SHA1 hashes are available for verification on phar.phpunit.de.
The following example details how release verification works. We start
phpunit.phar as well as its
detached PGP signature
wget https://phar.phpunit.de/phpunit.phar wget https://phar.phpunit.de/phpunit.phar.asc
We want to verify PHPUnit’s PHP Archive (
against its detached signature (
gpg phpunit.phar.asc gpg: Signature made Sat 19 Jul 2014 01:28:02 PM CEST using RSA key ID 6372C20A gpg: Can't check signature: public key not found
We don’t have the release manager’s public key (
in our local system. In order to proceed with the verification we need
to retrieve the release manager’s public key from a key server. One such
pgp.uni-mainz.de. The public key servers
are linked together, so you should be able to connect to any key server.
gpg --keyserver pgp.uni-mainz.de --recv-keys 0x4AA394086372C20A gpg: requesting key 6372C20A from hkp server pgp.uni-mainz.de gpg: key 6372C20A: public key "Sebastian Bergmann <firstname.lastname@example.org>" imported gpg: Total number processed: 1 gpg: imported: 1 (RSA: 1)
Now we have received a public key for an entity known as “Sebastian Bergmann <email@example.com>”. However, we have no way of verifying this key was created by the person known as Sebastian Bergmann. But, let’s try to verify the release signature again.
gpg phpunit.phar.asc gpg: Signature made Sat 19 Jul 2014 01:28:02 PM CEST using RSA key ID 6372C20A gpg: Good signature from "Sebastian Bergmann <firstname.lastname@example.org>" gpg: aka "Sebastian Bergmann <email@example.com>" gpg: aka "Sebastian Bergmann <firstname.lastname@example.org>" gpg: aka "Sebastian Bergmann <email@example.com>" gpg: aka "Sebastian Bergmann <firstname.lastname@example.org>" gpg: aka "[jpeg image of size 40635]" gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature! gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner. Primary key fingerprint: D840 6D0D 8294 7747 2937 7831 4AA3 9408 6372 C20A
At this point, the signature is good, but we don’t trust this key. A
good signature means that the file has not been tampered. However, due
to the nature of public key cryptography, you need to additionally
verify that key
6372C20A was created by the real
Any attacker can create a public key and upload it to the public key servers. They can then create a malicious release signed by this fake key. Then, if you tried to verify the signature of this corrupt release, it would succeed because the key was not the “real” key. Therefore, you need to validate the authenticity of this key. Validating the authenticity of a public key, however, is outside the scope of this documentation.
It may be prudent to create a shell script to manage PHPUnit installation that verifies the GnuPG signature before running your test suite. For example:
#!/usr/bin/env bash clean=1 # Delete phpunit.phar after the tests are complete? aftercmd="php phpunit.phar --bootstrap bootstrap.php src/tests" gpg --fingerprint D8406D0D82947747293778314AA394086372C20A if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then echo -e "\033[33mDownloading PGP Public Key...\033[0m" gpg --recv-keys D8406D0D82947747293778314AA394086372C20A # Sebastian Bergmann <email@example.com> gpg --fingerprint D8406D0D82947747293778314AA394086372C20A if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then echo -e "\033[31mCould not download PGP public key for verification\033[0m" exit fi fi if [ "$clean" -eq 1 ]; then # Let's clean them up, if they exist if [ -f phpunit.phar ]; then rm -f phpunit.phar fi if [ -f phpunit.phar.asc ]; then rm -f phpunit.phar.asc fi fi # Let's grab the latest release and its signature if [ ! -f phpunit.phar ]; then wget https://phar.phpunit.de/phpunit.phar fi if [ ! -f phpunit.phar.asc ]; then wget https://phar.phpunit.de/phpunit.phar.asc fi # Verify before running gpg --verify phpunit.phar.asc phpunit.phar if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then echo echo -e "\033[33mBegin Unit Testing\033[0m" # Run the testing suite `$after_cmd` # Cleanup if [ "$clean" -eq 1 ]; then echo -e "\033[32mCleaning Up!\033[0m" rm -f phpunit.phar rm -f phpunit.phar.asc fi else echo chmod -x phpunit.phar mv phpunit.phar /tmp/bad-phpunit.phar mv phpunit.phar.asc /tmp/bad-phpunit.phar.asc echo -e "\033[31mSignature did not match! PHPUnit has been moved to /tmp/bad-phpunit.phar\033[0m" exit 1 fi
Simply add a (development-time) dependency on
phpunit/phpunit to your project’s
composer.json file if you use Composer to manage the
dependencies of your project:
composer require --dev phpunit/phpunit ^|version|
The following optional packages are available:
A utility class for invoking callables with a timeout. This package is required to enforce test timeouts in strict mode.
This package is included in the PHAR distribution of PHPUnit. It can be installed via Composer using the following command:composer require --dev phpunit/php-invoker
DbUnit port for PHP/PHPUnit to support database interaction testing.
This package is not included in the PHAR distribution of PHPUnit. It can be installed via Composer using the following command:composer require --dev phpunit/dbunit